Archive for December, 2011

A Summary of Early American History

From_Revolution_to_Constitution   <== PDF version

Dear readers:

I have created a set of Powerpoint charts in .pdf format that will help you understand early American history. These charts detail the history of the conflict with Britain prior to the Revolution, the war, and the problems that occurred afterward. The main point is to show the difficulty of governing under the Articles of Confederation, and why a union of the states under the Constitution was necessary. Last, it discusses the importance and continuing relevance of the Federalist Papers (Hamilton, Madison, and Jay). It generally follows the pattern of one of my books (as mentioned at the end).

You may distribute these as you see fit.  I especially hope it will prove helpful in appreciating early U. S. history and why the Constitution took the form it did.

If you have any questions, please contact me at


Ed Duvall



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Can You Afford That Student Loan?

CanYouAffordThatStudentLoan   <–  Free book in PDF format

Dear Readers:

I have written a new book called “Can You Afford That Student Loan?”  My reason for writing it is that it seems there are a lot of young people who do not understand the overall economic implications of taking on student loan debt.  I have read many cases recently where students find themselves overwhelmed by the payments on their student loans after graduation.  The idea behind this book is to show the aspiring student how to evaluate the economic benefit of taking out a student loan to obtain an education.

This book contains more than just a calculator — it shows, using a nomograph system, the entire relationship between interest rates, repayment term, monthly repayment, income potential from selected professions, and income requirements to avoid cash flow problems after graduation.  With the simple system outlined here, the aspiring student can get the “big picture” of return on investment in an education.

The book is free, and you may download it and distribute it as you see fit.  If you have any questions or comments, please contact me at


Ed Duvall

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What We’ve Learned From Operation Fast And Furious  <==  PDF version

The U. S. Congress and the Department of Justice have launched “investigations” into the “Operation Fast and Furious”  program designed and implemented by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BAFTE).  This program was initiated by BAFTE field agents in Arizona; its purpose was to trace weapons smuggled to the Mexican drug cartels so that they could be exposed and arrested.  At least, that’s what BATFE officials want you to believe, according to a recent article by Dennis Wagner [1].

But before we get to lessons learned, it is necessary to review the salient points of the program as cited by Mr. Wagner.  The facts appear to be as follows:

a.  The BATFE leadership knowingly and willfully allowed “straw buyers” to buy firearms at dealer shops in America, and then knowingly and willfully allowed them to be smuggled into Mexico.

b. Mexico, a sovereign nation, has strict gun control (only certain government employees are allowed to own guns).  This strict gun control partly explains why Mexico is a pathologically corrupt feudal state, in which the average citizen is little more than a serf, lorded over by a caste of petty dictators and their favorites.  The serfs are kept in line by local gangsters (the federal police) equipped with guns, badges, and uniforms.  That is a discussion for another time.  The important point is that the BATFE leadership permitted guns to be transferred to Mexico in violation of Mexico’s domestic laws.

c.  The BATFE leadership knew that the smuggled guns were being sold in Mexico (in violation of Mexico’s laws) to members of drug cartels who are waging a guerilla war against the Mexican government, and that they constituted a partial source of firepower for the drug cartels.

d.  The BATFE leadership knew that a great number of Mexican police and citizens were being murdered by the drug cartels; it is reasonable to assume that at least some small fraction of that firepower came from the guns that BATFE knew were smuggled in under its auspices.

e.  The BATFE leadership knew that the plan was devised by the local BATFE office in Phoenix, and although it was coordinated with the Department of Justice, it apparently was never coordinated with the Department of State.

f.  The BATFE leadership knew that the Mexican government was kept in the dark about the entire operation; at the same time, the Mexican government was asking for U. S. aid to try and reduce the availability of weapons by the cartels.

g.  The BATFE leadership knew that some BATFE agents were opposed to the operation and had protested to their superiors; official policy was to ignore those objections.

h.  The BATFE leadership knew that some of the BATFE-coordinated smuggled guns were recovered at crime scenes in Mexico and traced back to the U. S.  The BAFTE leadership also knew that the vast majority of weapons used by the cartels come from Asia and South America, not the U.S.  But they also knew and supported false claims that most of the weapons used by the cartels came from America.  They knew that these false statistics were being used by politicians in America as an excuse to further erode the Second Amendment rights of U. S.citizens.

The first thing we’ve learned from Operation Fast and Furious is that none of the foregoing is a problem for a federal agency.  What about the BATFE allowing straw buyers to commit felony purchases from legitimate gun dealers?  Not a problem.  What about the BATFE allowing those buyers to smuggle weapons into Mexico in violation of Mexico’s laws?  Not a problem.  What about the BATFE providing material assistance to drug cartels who were attempting to undermine the legitimate government of Mexico, thus conducting a secret foreign policy of aiding factions actively engaged in a revolution against a friendly government?  Not a problem.  What about the BATFE standing by as a great number of Mexican citizens were killed and injured by the drug cartels partly being armed indirectly by the BATFE itself?  Not a problem.  What about the BATFE knowingly supporting propaganda efforts to subvert a portion of the U. S. Constitution which each member of the BATFE took an oath to uphold as a condition of employment?  Not a problem.

But then, on 14 Dec 2010, a Border Patrol agent named Brian Terry was killed in a shootout with some Mexican drug dealers.  The BATFE assisted in the subsequent investigation and discovered that Agent Terry had been killed with one of the firearms that had been smuggled into Mexico under Operation Fast and Furious.  Now the BATFE leadership had a Very Big Problem.  Why?  The problem is that a member of the U. S. Border Patrol was killed.  HE WAS A FEDERAL EMPLOYEE JUST LIKE BATFE EMPLOYEES — ONE OF THEM.

That was when the dam broke.  The members of the BATFE who opposed the operation, along with some Department of Justice employees who had similar misgivings, leaked the story to the press.  Of course, the upper echelon of the Justice Department and BATFE denied everything.  But over time, little by little, some of the truth has come out.  Congress and the Department of Justice have begun to “investigate” the operation.  Some personnel changes were in order:  U. S. Attorney Dennis K. Burke, who gave the BATFE legal cover for Fast and Furious, resigned in Aug 2011 as public knowledge of the scandal unfolded.  He is likely to run for Governor of Arizona.  Acting BATFE Director Kenneth Melson was promoted to a post as senior advisor in the Justice Department’s forensic division.  Special Agent William D. Newell, who was in charge of the Fast and Furious operation in Arizona, has been promoted to Country Attaché for Mexico.

We have learned several other things too.  First, a federal agency can commit an unlimited number of felonies without having to take responsibility.  Secondly, a federal agency can hire or instigate others to commit felonies under its supervision without accountability.  Third, the BATFE does have some sense of moral outrage, but only if a federal employee is killed; not when a regular Mexican or non-federal employee American citizen is killed.  Fourth, brilliant exercises like Fast and Furious are just cause for raises and promotions all around.  As for those “investigations”, it is likely that nothing more will ever be revealed.

But just remember: if you, as an American citizen, own anything more powerful than a single-shot pea-shooter, this scandal is your fault.  At least that’s what BATFE officials want you to believe.

[1]  Dennis Wagner, “Behind the fall of gun probe”, The Arizona Republic, 27 Nov 2011, p. 1

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